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What raw materials are needed to make carpet?

Update:2020-05-15
Abstract:

All carpets are processed with unrough fibers. Except f […]

All carpets are processed with unrough fibers. Except for a few carpets, fibers are first woven into yarns, and then carpets are made by one of three methods: weaving, tufting, and gluing. All carpet fibers have distinctive characteristics, such as: warmth, cleanliness, abrasion resistance, flame retardancy and price. The service life and appearance of the carpet depend on the fiber selected and its content in the carpet. In the case of reasonable prices, multiple fibers are sometimes mixed to obtain the best performance. There are two kinds of carpet fibers: natural fibers and artificial fibers. Natural fiber Wool Wool is the oldest and most common natural fiber. Because of its excellent wear resistance and long-lasting appearance, it is particularly suitable for the production of carpets. Wool does not support burning and will not generate static electricity under normal conditions. Silk In addition to the finest handmade carpets, people rarely use silk to produce carpets. Jute Jute is mainly used as backing material, and occasionally it is also used as the surface fiber of plain weave craft carpet. Coconut fiber Coconut shell contains strong and soft fiber. Coconut shells are soaked for several months after harvest, and then squeezed, washed and dried.China Wholesale Rug Mat Yarn Factory

 

This light yellow fiber is woven into yarn, and finally woven into plain carpet or cut pile carpet and mat. Linen Linen is used in loop pile and plain weave craft rugs and rugs. Man-made fibers Since the early 1950s, man-made fibers have become popular, and the performance of man-made carpet fibers has made tremendous progress. Acrylic fiber Acrylic fiber is not as abrasion resistant as nylon and flame retardant as wool, but it has better swelling and elasticity. Polyamide (nylon) Nylon has many brands, such as: ANTRON, Anso and Timbrelle. Nylon is a strong and elastic fiber with good stain resistance. It is less susceptible to soiling than earlier nylon carpets. It is more flammable than wool and tends to generate static electricity. Nylon is usually added to wool to improve the abrasion resistance of the fabric, especially in low-pile weight and density applications. The most common nylon brand is ANTRON, which is produced by DuPont and has good durability and softness. Polyester fiber Polyester fiber is used in luxury Saxon carpets. It is less smooth than some fibers, but has excellent wear resistance. Polypropylene fiber Polypropylene fiber has good wear resistance, but its elasticity is not as good as other fibers, it is easy to clean, but it will leave scars after fire. Viscose fiber e69da5e887aae799bee5baa631333332636332 dimension Viscose fiber is not as elastic as most other fibers, it is easy to flatten, but it is relatively inexpensive.

Yarn The quality of the carpet depends on the raw materials selected and the production technology. All carpets are made of coarse fibers, they are usually woven into yarn, and then woven or tufted into fabrics in stores. The spinning process includes: 1, according to the desired characteristics and feel of the yarn, mix the raw wool in an accurate proportion; 2, the mixture is de-impurity, tearing and carding until they are straightened, white, and free of impurities ; 3. The fibers are unfolded and layered organically, then cross-layered, and finally the fiber web is made into roving. The roving is stretched and twisted on the spinning machine to increase the strength of the single strand of yarn; 4, two or more The yarn is twisted or merged together to form a yarn with high tensile strength, which can be woven and clustered using high-efficiency, low-cost high-tech machinery, thus providing a high-quality raw material and superior The best combination of yarn and the most economical price.

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